What does IGT mean?
The acronym IGT means Indicazione Geografica Tipica (Typical Geographical Indication in English) and identifies the third level of protection, after DOCG and DOC, in the Italian wine classification. It is often accompanied or replaced by the European IGP acronym, which means Indicazione Geografica Protetta (Protected Geographical Indication in English).
IGT wines are subject to less restrictive regulations than DOCG and DOC wines. Very often they refer to territories with very large extensions, for example:
- Veneto IGT refers to the entire Veneto region;
- Tre Venezie IGT refers to three regions, Trentino-South Tyrol, Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
The grapes used for the production of IGT wines must come, for the most part, at least 85%, from the geographical area indicated in the protocol.
The wines that aspire to the IGT appellation have to be requested by at least 20% of the interested parties representing at least 20% of the total vineyards area.
It is mandatory to include on the label the full wording Indicazione Geografica Tipica (or the European indication Indicazione Geografica Protetta), but it is not mandatory to indicate the vintage of the harvest.