The most recent Italian legislative text is Legislative Decree 61/2010, which has implemented the European regulation EC 479/2008, harmonizing the Italian classification with the European one. The decree identifies two large categories of wines, based on the presence or absence of the designation of origin:

  • wines with designation of origin
    • DOP - Denominazione di Origine Protetta that is Protected Designation of Origin
    • IGP - Indicazione Geografica Protetta that is Protected Geographical Indication
  • wines without designation of origin
    • Varietal wines
    • Generic wines

The former DOCG, DOC and IGT appellations are maintained and flanked by the new European DOP and IGP appellations, effectively introducing a dual classification method:

  • wines with DOP denomination
    • DOCG - Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita that is Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin
    • DOC - Denominazione di Origine Controllata that is Controlled Designation of Origin
  • wines with IGP indication
    • IGT - Indicazione Geografica Tipica that is Typical Geographical Indication

The words Vino da tavola are replaced by the words Generic Wine and Varietal Wine.

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