Lugana DOC

#doc #white #dry #sparkling #lombardy #veneto #trebbianodisoave

Lugana DOC is a white wine based on Trebbiano di Soave, here also known as Turbiaga or Trebbiano di Lugana. It is vinified both in the still version - the best known - and in the sparkling version; moreover, depending on the vinification process, it admits different levels of sweetness.

The territorial scope of the designation is quite wide and covers a wide range of the wonderful morainic amphitheater south of the lake, formed during the period of the glaciations, when in place of the lake there was a huge glacier. Its deep soils start from the shores of the lake to the plain for several kilometers; they consist of a mixed matrix of sand (of glacial origin) and clay (of lacustrine origin) that defines the character of the wine well, giving it the right balance between warmth and freshness, between softness and flavor. The climate is strongly affected by the presence of the lake basin and allows you to have mild winters and hot but not very hot summers; in some ways an almost Mediterranean climate can be considered.

The designation can be called interregional in all respects, even if it is almost completely localized in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy. Its vineyards extend - albeit a few kilometers in the municipality of Peschiera, in the province of Verona - up to the river Mincio, an estuary of Lake Garda.

Tasting

The designation includes two styles - still and sparkling - and five different types. The most widespread of these is the base, Lugana, which then determines the skeleton of the others. Its color is not very intense straw yellow with greenish reflections; its scents are delicate and recall more floral notes (wild flowers) and fruity (white fruit, citrus); the taste is dry, fresh, sapid, moderately soft.

Lugana Superiore, after an aging of 12 months, has a more complex profile: more alcohol content, more golden reflections, more complexity and more structure. The aromas are more articulated and also vegetal and spicy notes emerge.

Lugana Riserva represents the evolution of Lugana Superiore. With an aging of 24 months, it has a more intense color, even more complex aromas and woody and balsamic notes that recall its long aging in wood.

Lugana Vendemmia Tardiva deviates from the previous types. It is produced with grapes that, left on the plant, have a higher concentration of sugars, which are found in the glass later. Far from being considered a passito  wine - it lacks the structure - its sweetness is widely balanced by the typical freshness and flavor.

Last but certainly not new, Lugana Spumante is a consolidated tradition. It is produced both in autoclave (Martinotti Charmat method) and with the refermentation in the bottle (Metodo Classico); in the first case the organoleptic framework is characterized by simplicity and freshness, in the second case the organoleptic profile is more complex, with a finer and less creamy perlage.

Food pairing

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Service
Temperature
  • 6°C / 43°F Lugana Spumante
  • 12°C / 54°F Lugana
  • 14°C / 57°F Lugana Superiore / Riserva / Vendemmia Tardiva
Glass
  • medium wine glass
  • flute (Lugana Spumante)
Longevity
  • 1-2 years Lugana / Lugana Spumante
  • 2-5 years Lugana Superiore / Lugana Riserva / Lugana Vendemmia Tardiva

Designation

Production zone
  • region: Lombardy, Veneto
  • provinces: Brescia, Verona
  • municipalities: Desenzano del Garda, Lonato del Garda, Peschiera del Garda, Pozzolengo, Sirmione
Typologies
  • Lugana
  • Lugana Superiore
  • Lugana Riserva
  • Lugana Vendemmia Tardiva
  • Lugana Spumante
Grapes varieties
  • Trebbiano di Soave 90-100%
  • other grapes 0-15%
Grapes maximum production
  • 125 quintals/hectare
  • 110 quintals/hectare (Superiore)
Wine maximum yield
  • 88 hectoliters/hectare
  • 77 hectoliters/hectare (Superiore)
Minimum aging
  • 2 months
  • 12 months (Superiore)
  • 24 months (Riserva)
Minimum alcohol
  • 11,0% Lugana
  • 12,0% Lugana Superiore, Riserva
  • 13,0% Lugana Vendemmia Tardiva
  • 11,5% Lugana Spumante
Market
  • 2017: 139.862 hectoliters
  • 2016: 128.909 hectoliters
  • 2015: 116.042 hectoliters
  • 2017: 15.980.881 bottiglie
  • 2016: 15.082.466 bottiglie
  • 2015: 13.115.529 bottiglie

Source: Valoritalia

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