Valtellina Superiore DOCG is one of the important appellations of Lombardy and one of the best known in the scope of mountain viticulture. Its wine, a dry red with good structure, is produced with Nebbiolo grapes - locally called Chiavennasca - a vine variety with origins from Piedmont but which in Valtellina has found a new positive declination.
Valtellina valley extends in east-west direction within a entirely mountainous territory. It is surrounded to the north be the Rhaetian Alps, with peaks over 4.000 m, and to the south by the less impressive Orobic Alps.
Viticulture is developed on the north side of the valley, the one completely exposed to the sun, between 300 and 700 m of altitude. Due to the steep slopes, most of the vineyards are arranged on artificial terraces, in some cases so difficult to reach that they have to use a rail system during harvest. Despite its impervious and not very functional appearance, this territorial structure strongly characterizes the grapes because the various terraces, made of stones, guarantee on average an higher temperature of 4°C (7°F) compared to the one in the valley and a considerable thermic excursion between day and night between 10 and 20°C (18 and 36°F).
The land, mainly consisting of flaked granite rocks, has a very high permeability. The lack of water retention, which in some periods of the year causes drought, also forces the vines to develop very deep roots to absorb the necessary water. These conditions make possible to produce high quality wines with high sugar content and, consequently, high alcohol content.
The color is very intense ruby red, tending to garnet with aging. The scent is complex and intense, with notes of rose, violet, berries, cherry; with aging notes of dried fruit emerge, spicy notes due to licorice and hazelnut, as well as slight animal notes. The taste is dry, tannic, very soft, full bodied.
Valtellina Superiore DOCG pairs very well with the products of the Valtellina tradition, such as Pizzoccheri, Taragna cornmeal mush, Bresaola salame and Bitto pasture cheese. It is also suitable with stewed or roasted red meat, as well as with the wild game.
- service temperature: 16°C / 61°F
- glass: medium wine glass
- longevity: 5-10 years
- Valtellina Superiore
- Valtellina Superiore Riserva
Grapes maximum production
- 80 quintals/hectare
Wine maximum yield
- 56 hectoliters/hectare
- 2 years (Valtellina Superiore)
- 3 years (Valtellina Superiore Riserva)
- 12,0 % (tutte le tipologie)
- 2017: 14.324 hectoliters
- 2016: 16.699 hectoliters
- 2015: 15.336 hectoliters
- 2017: 1.920.919 bottles
- 2016: 1.819972 bottles
- 2015: 1.815.317 bottles