Itinerary No. 1
wine is nature
Native and local varieties are those widespread and cultivated in the same area in which they were born. In Italy there are more than 700 but around 350 are used. Unique for their organoleptic and organic characteristics, they are a great heritage that has no equal in the world.
International vines are widespread and cultivated all over the world because they have adapted to the various climatic and soil conditions. They are also known as the principles of wine.
The vitis vinifera is the beginning. Usually known as vine or grapevine, it is a small climbing shrub growing all over the world, whose fruits are used to produce wine.
Like all plants, even the vine has its own life cycle that follows the course of the seasons. Its study, called phenology, is very important for agriculture, and it is based on several phases.
The soil is one of the many variants that fall within the most generic definition of terroir and that participate in the characterization of wine. In turn, the such soil can be analyzed from several points of view - physical, chemical, geological - and provide interesting information on the history of a territory.
The first aspect that strikes us when we observe a ground, besides the color, is the size of the inert elements that compose it, that is the texture. Their size affects the physical and mechanical properties of the soil, such as the ability to retain water and nutrients, and consequently the growth of the vine.