I crossed the vineyard. The vines were in flower;
all was vibrant with fireflies. Oh we can only express ourselves through music! What sweetness, what heartache in that moment, when I stopped in the midst of the rows of vines, and suddenly found myself caught as if within a glowing net.

from Grazia Deledda, "The stolen child"

Sardinia

Nature and territory

Sardinia is the second Italian island. Despite its distance from the continent, it boasts a very strong millennium winemaking tradition. Only in the twentieth century the Sardinian wine has crossed the island's borders, becoming acquainted with the continental markets and significantly transforming local cultivation and processing.

Stats

  • population: 1.648.176 (2018)
  • area: 24.100 km²
  • % of mountains: 14%
  • % of hills: 68%
  • % of plains: 18%
  • vineyards area: 26.615 hectares (2017)
  • wine production: 466.458 hectoliters (2017)
  • average yield: 17,5 hectoliters/hectare
  • % of DOC and DOCG wines: 68%
  • % of IGT wines: 14%
  • % of generic wines: 18%

Native and local varieties

  • 29% Cannonau 
  • 17% Vermentino 
  • 8% Carignano 
  • 7% Monica 
  • 7% Nuragus 
  • 3% Sangiovese 
  • 2% Bovale Grande 
  • 1% Pascale 
  • 1% Vernaccia di Oristano 
  • 1% Cagnulari 
  • 1% Bovale 
  • 1% Moscato Bianco 
  • 1% Montepulciano 
  • 1% Barbera 
  • 1% Malvasia Bianca 

International varieties

  • 2% Merlot 
  • 2% Cabernet Sauvignon 
  • 1% Chardonnay 
  • 1% Sauvignon 
  • 1% Pinot Bianco 

Classification

To get closer to Sardinia's oenology we start from three denominations, present throughout the island, which well represent its territory and, in some ways, paraphrase its profile: Monica di Sardegna DOC, Cannonau di Sardegna DOC and Vermentino di Sardegna DOC.

Monica di Sardegna DOC - red based on Monica grapes - makes us think of the rocky outlines and landscapes of the hinterland: it is a rustic wine, characterized by a very dark color, with vinous hints, to be drunk young.

Cannonau di Sardegna DOC - red and rosé, also in the passito and fortified typologies, based on Cannonau grapes - it has a sensual profile and makes us think of the warmth of the earth; it is warm, not too tannic, with a good aging potential, rich in vegetal and spicy aromas.

Vermentino di Sardegna DOC - white, also in the semi-sparkling and sparkling versions, based on Vermentino grapes - with its unmistakable flavor, it reminds us the wind that stings our face, almost pushed by the white waves of the coast. Its grapes are further protected with a denomination limited to the north-east of the island: Vermentino di Gallura DOCG.

If we restrict the field and focus on individual territories, we find other interesting autochthonous expressions: in the center of island Mandrolisai DOC (a red wine based on a blend of Bovale, Cannonau and Monica), Vernaccia di Oristano DOC (a white wine based on Vernaccia), Campidano di Terralba DOC (a red wine based on Bovale grapes) and Malvasia di Bosa DOC (a white wine based on Malvasia di Sardegna).

In the southern part of the island certainly attract our interest Carignano del Sulcis DOC (a famous red wine based on Carignano grapes), Girò di Cagliari DOC (a red wine based on Girò grapes), Nasco di Cagliari DOC (a white wine based on grapes di Nasco) and Nuragus di Cagliari DOC (a white wine based on Nuragus grapes).

In this landscape, there are also denominations more open to external influences, even if they are not many. In the province of Sassari we find Alghero DOC and Moscato Sorso-Sennori DOC: the first is a macro-denomination that protects various types of wine and joins the native Torbato and Cagnulari grapes of Sauvignon, Cabernet and Merlot; the second one instead enhances a sweet wine based on Moscato Bianco grapes. In the province of Oristano we find Arborea DOC, with a strong Tuscan connotation, it is based on Sangiovese, Trebbiano Toscano and Trebbiano Romagnolo grapes.

DOCG wines

DOC wines

  • Alghero 
  • Arborea 
  • Cagliari 
  • Campidano di Terralba / Terralba 
  • Cannonau di Sardegna 
  • Carignano del Sulcis 
  • Girò di Cagliari 
  • Malvasia di Bosa 
  • Mandrolisai 
  • Monica di Sardegna 
  • Moscato di Sardegna 
  • Moscato di Sorso-Sennori
  • Nasco di Cagliari 
  • Nuragus di Cagliari 
  • Sardegna Semidano 
  • Vermentino di Sardegna 
  • Vernaccia di Oristano 

IGT wines

  • Barbagia 
  • Colli del Limbara 
  • Isola dei Nuraghi 
  • Marmilla 
  • Nurra 
  • Ogliastra 
  • Parteolla 
  • Planargia 
  • Provincia di Nuoro 
  • Romangia 
  • Sibiola 
  • Tharros 
  • Trexenta 
  • Valle del Tirso 
  • Valli di Porto Pino 
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