Tuscany

Native and local varieties

  • 64% Sangiovese 
  • 5% Trebbiano Toscano 
  • 2% Canaiolo 
  • 1% Malvasia Bianca 
  • 1% Vermentino 
  • 1% Vernaccia di San Giminiano 
  • 1% Ciliegiolo 
  • 1% Trebbiano Giallo 
  • 1% Colorino 
  • 1% Petit Verdot 

International varieties

  • 5% Merlot 
  • 4% Cabernet Sauvignon 
  • 1% Syrah 
  • 1% Cabernet Franc 
  • 1% Chardonnay 

Region

  • population: 3.733.897 (2018)
  • area: 22.987 km²
  • mountains 25% / hills 67% / plains 8%

Vineyards

  • 2017: 53.440 hectares (stable)
  • 2016: 53.572 hectares (-1%)
  • 2015: 53.989 hectares

Wine production

  • 2017: 1.901.435 hectoliters - 35,6 hectoliters/hectare (-37%)
  • 2016: 3.025.044 hectoliters - 56,5 hectoliters/hectare (+7%)
  • 2015: 2.824.707 hectoliters - 52,3 hectoliters/hectare

Classification

  • DOCG and DOC wines 66% / IGT wines 24% / generic wines 10%
  • red wines 85% / white wines 15%
Source: Istat 2018

Tuscany is one of those regions that deserves special attention: perhaps because it is a powerful producer and exporter of bottles (once flasks) of good red wine, such as Chianti DOCG or Chianti Classico DOCG; perhaps because it is home to some of the best oenology products, which are the prestige of Italy abroad, such as Brunello di Montalcino DOCG or Sassicaia Bolgheri DOC; perhaps because its wines recall the genuineness of a territory oriented to traditions, such as Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG or Vernaccia di San Giminiano DOCG; or perhaps, no less important to attract the interest of all winelovers, because it has a territory that perfectly interprets the collective imagination of the vineyard. I would say that all this is not a little.

In order to extricate ourselves from the articulated world of Tuscan denominations, 11 DOCG, 40 DOC and 6 IGT, it is better to divide the region in two parts. The most central area, around the cities of Florence and Siena, and the western area, roughly corresponding with the provinces of Pisa, Livorno and Grosseto.

 

Central Tuscany

Central Tuscany represents the most classic part and the ancient heart of the Tuscan enological tradition, connected above all to Sangiovese grapes; Brunello di Montalcino DOCG, Carmignano DOCG, Chianti Classico DOCG and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG are the best known interpreters of this vine that can give red wines of great value and longevity.

Even in the middle of this multitude of red wine, Vernaccia di Sangiminiano DOCG can be noticed with its straw yellow wine; the fame of the homonymous native vine, once used for local use, has today crossed the regional borders like its red "relatives".

 

Western Tuscany

Moving towards the sea, towards milder and looser soil areas, the variety of grapes used increases, but does not change the vocation towards red wines. In the province of Livorno we find one of the finest (and expensive) Italian wines, Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC, produced with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes. A little further south, the island of Elba hosts Aleatico, a semi-aromatic vine used to produce Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG, a sweet red passito wine. In the province of Grosseto, the good old Sangiovese still plays an important role, with two well-known interpretations, Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG and Morellino di Scansano DOCG.

Among the (few) white wines, we can certainly remember the Ansonica Costa dell'Argentario DOC, based on Ansonica, Bianco di Pitigliano DOC and San Torpé Bianco DOC, both based on Trebbiano Toscano grapes.

DOCG wines

DOC wines

  • Ansonica Costa dell’Argentario 
  • Barco Reale di Carmignano 
  • Bianco dell’Empolese 
  • Bianco di Pitigliano 
  • Bolgheri 
  • Bolgheri Sassicaia 
  • Candia dei Colli Apuani 
  • Capalbio 
  • Colli dell’Etruria Centrale 
  • Colli di Luini 
  • Colline Lucchesi 
  • Cortona 
  • Elba 
  • Grance Senesi 
  • Maremma Toscana 
  • Montecarlo 
  • Montecucco 
  • Monteregio di Massa Marittima 
  • Montescudaio 
  • Moscadello di Montalcino 
  • Orcia 
  • Parrina 
  • Pomino 
  • Rosso di Montalcino 
  • Rosso di Montepulciano 
  • San Gimignano 
  • San Torpè 
  • Sant’Antimo 
  • Sovana 
  • Terratico di Bibbona 
  • Terre di Casole 
  • Terre di Pisa 
  • Val d’Arbia 
  • Val d’Arno di Sopra / Valdarno di Sopra 
  • Val di Cornia 
  • Valdichiana Toscana 
  • Valdinievole 
  • Vin Santo del Chianti 
  • Vin Santo del Chianti Classico 
  • Vin Santo di Carmignano 
  • Vin Santo di Montepulciano 

IGT wines

  • Alta Valle della Greve
  • Colli della Toscana Centrale
  • Maremma Toscana
  • Toscano / Toscana
  • Val di Magra
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