Wines with Typical Geographical Indication
Wines with Protected Geographical Indication (that is Indicazione Geografica Protetta IGP in Italian) - European appellation - corresponds to wines with Typical Geographical Indication (that is Indicazione Geografica Tipica IGT in Italian). They are wines with characteristics such as to be positioned halfway between generic wines (table and varietal wines) and wines with designation of origin DOP; they are in fact subject to a protocol (while generic wines are not), but without the restrictions of wines with designation of origin.
The minimum information on the label of an IGP (IGT) wine is as follows:
- the geographic indication (for example Toscana, that is an Italian region);
- the appellation of the geographic indication in full (for example Indicazione Geografica Tipica);
- the actual alcoholic strength in% of the volume (for example 12%);
- the country where it was produced (for example Prodotto in Italia, i.e. Produced in Italy);
- the identification of the bottler (its business name and location);
- the indication of the presence of allergens (for example Contiene solfiti, that is Contains sulphites);
- the bottling lot (usually a code);
- the volume of wine contained in the bottle (for example 75 cl).
There is no precise order or a pre-set provision of this information, the important thing is that they are available in the same field of vision, i.e. they are easily readable without having to turn the bottle.
The typology of the wine and the varieties are not mentioned - as in table and varietal wines - since they are intrinsic in the geographical indication.
The optional information is always at the discretion of the wine maker who can insert words or graphic elements that best meet his commercial needs. Here are some:
- the trade name (generally a fancy name);
- the brand (as the trade name, also fancy);
- identification of the producer and / or the distributor (not to be confused with the bottler, that is mandatory);
- the European logo of the presence of allergens;
- the logo of the organic product certification (if the wine is organic);
- the logo or the wording of the biodynamic production method (if the wine is produced with bio-dynamic methodologies).